1. What is Ephedrine and what is it used for?
Ephedrine belongs to a group of medicines called sympathomimetics.
Sympathomimetics act on the part of the nervous system that controls automatic functions.
Ephedrine is used to treat low blood pressure during spinal cord injection
counteract. Ephedrine raises blood pressure by temporarily reducing blood flow to the small one
Reduced blood vessels.
2. What should you watch out for before giving Ephedrine?
Ephedrine must not be used
– if you are allergic (hypersensitive) to ephedrine hydrochloride or any of the substances mentioned in section 6.
ingredients of this medicine
– if you have hyperthyroidism, appetite increase, weight loss or sweating
– if you have an enlarged prostate
– if you have heart disease
– if you have an increased intraocular pressure (glaucoma)
– if you have diabetes mellitus
– if you have a thrombosis
– if you have low blood pressure
– if you are taking MAO inhibitors (monoamine oxidase inhibitors) (see application of
Ephedrine with other medicines)
– if you have high blood pressure.
If any of the above applies to you, please inform your doctor.
Use of ephedrine with other medicines
Please inform your doctor or nurse if you are taking any other medicines
ingest / use or have recently taken / used, even if it is not
Other medicines that may interact with ephedrine include:
– a certain type of antidepressants called MAO inhibitors (monoamine oxidase inhibitors)
become. Tell your doctor or nurse, even if
You have stopped taking a MAO inhibitor in the last two weeks;
– cough and cold remedies;
– Narcotics for inhalation, such as halothane;
– medicines for the treatment of depression;
– sibutramine, an appetite suppressant;
– linezolid, a medicine used to treat infections;
– medicines for the treatment of bronchial asthma such as theophylline;
– Corticosteroids, a group of medicines used in different diseases
To reduce swelling;
– medicines for epilepsy;
– Doxapram, a drug used to treat respiratory problems;
Oxytocin, a medicinal product used in childbirth;
– Medicines for the treatment of hypertension such as guanethidine.
pregnancy and breast feeding period
If you are pregnant or breastfeeding, or suspect you may be pregnant or intend to
To get pregnant, ask your doctor for advice before being given this medicine.
Driving and using machines
Ephedrine will not affect the ability to drive or to drive
Machines expected. However, if you feel unwell, first ask your doctor before returning
start to drive a vehicle or operate machinery.
This medicine contains an active substance that may give positive results in doping controls.
3. How to administer Ephedrine?
This is a medicine for injection that is given to you by your doctor. Your doctor will too
Determine the dose you need.
Adult and older patients:
The usual starting dose is 3-7.5 mg as a slow injection into a vein. The injection will be yours
may be repeated once or several times until you reach the maximum dose of the drug (30 mg)
Patients with kidney or liver dysfunction:
There are no special dosage recommendations for patients with kidney or kidney dysfunction
Ephedrine 30 mg / ml, concentrate for solution for injection, is not recommended for
Use in children due to inadequate safety and safety data and Dosage recommendations.
If you suspect you have received too much Ephedrine
This medicine will be given to you by your doctor and therefore it is unlikely that you will
much of it received. Your doctor is aware of how an overdose is detected and treated.
If you are worried about your treatment, talk to your doctor.
If you have any further questions on the use of the medicine, contact your doctor or the
4. What side effects are possible?
Like all medicines, ephedrine may cause side effects, although not everybody gets them
– confusion, concern, depression
– nervousness, irritability, restlessness, weakness, insomnia, headache, sweating, anxiety
– Increased perception of the heartbeat (palpitations), high blood pressure, rapid heartbeat
– shortness of breath
– nausea, vomiting.
– Irregular heartbeat
– Problems urinating.
Other side effects (how often these are not known):
– influence on blood clotting
– Changes in personality or emotional or mental world, fear
– tremors, excessive salivation
– increased pressure in the eye (glaucoma)
– Pain over the heart, slow heartbeat, heart failure (cardiac arrest), lower
– Bleeding in the brain
– breathing problems
– Appetite reduction
– decrease in potassium content in the blood, change in blood sugar levels
– Fluid accumulation in the lungs (pulmonary edema).
Overdose with this medicine may cause you to:
– see or hear things that are not there (hallucinations)
– believe things that do not apply (delusions)
– notice changes in your personality or your emotional or mental world.
If you notice any side effects, consult your doctor or nurse.
This also applies to side effects not listed.
5. How to store Ephedrine?
Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.
This medicine may be given after the label and the carton after “EXP” respectively
“Usable until” specified expiration date can no longer be administered. The expiry date relates
on the last day of the given month.
This medicinal product does not require special storage conditions.
Do not dispose of medicines in wastewater. Ask your pharmacist how to take the medicine
dispose of when you stop using it. You help to protect our environment.